Corrosive effects of ammonia on PV modules and their evaluation

Published: March 1, 2011

By Urban Weber, Project Manager, SCHOTT AG; Ralf Eiden, Senior Manager, SCHOTT AG; Thorsten Sögding, Project Manager, SCHOTT AG; Kurt Nattermann, SCHOTT AG; Harry Engelmann, Project Manager, Module Development Department, SCHOTT Solar AG

Ammonia, a gas which has its roots in livestock farming, can have potentially detrimental effects on the lifetime and reliability of PV modules. Research into the degree of corrosive effects of this gas on modules is of utmost importance for any module manufacturer guaranteeing a certain specific lifetime for their product. Researchers from SCHOTT and SCHOTT Solar together with the DLG (Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft/German agricultural society) developed a test design involving humidity, temperature and ammonia gas. This design is based on permeation testing and microscopic analysis of samples aged under a controlled atmosphere or from outdoor exposure. Additionally, a highly accelerated test is presented which allows screening materials for use in PV modules within 84 hours. An Arrhenius type of model is used to calculate the acceleration factors involved. Based on this model, the proposed test design is equivalent to more than 20 years of outdoor exposure in the rural environment (in Central Europe).

Single Paper

Includes one paper digital access
US$ 21

Photovoltaics International SubscriptionDigital & Archive

Includes 12 months of unlimited digital access to the Photovoltaics International content, full online archive, technical paper collection (over 700), and more.

Includes 2 upcoming issues in digital.

US$ 449 per year

This Website Uses Cookies

By continuing browsing this website you are accepting our Cookie Policy, as well as our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.